Questions
Elders with PEM will likely present with? Obesity, anemia, and elevated serum cholesterol Recent weight gain,...

  1. Elders with PEM will likely present with?
    1. Obesity, anemia, and elevated serum cholesterol
    2. Recent weight gain, reduced serum albumin (a biomarker of protein status), and fatigue
    3. Recent weight loss, anemia, and reduced serum albumin (a biomarker of protein status)
    4. Weight loss, osteoporosis, and recent broken bone
  2. Treatment for coronary heart disease includes which of the following?
    1. Dietary management – The DASH diet
    2. Physical activity
    3. Medications
    4. a and c only
    5. All of these
  3. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Elders with a BMI over 30 kg/m2 are obese and need to reduce their BMI to less than 25 kg/m2
    2. Serum cholesterol levels < 200 mg/dL is an increased risk for protein-energy-malnutrition
    3. Low serum albumin levels and weight loss are predictive of hospital readmission and LOS (length of hospital stay)
    4. Serum albumin is the best indicator of malnutrition due to its short half-life
  4. Which physiological change that occurs with aging does not influence nutrient metabolism?
    1. Decreased lean body mass
    2. Increased proportion of body fat
    3. Decreased body water
    4. Decreased height
  5. The majority of older adults do not use dietary supplements.
    1. True
    2. False

In: Anatomy and Physiology

Explain why it is beneficial for regulation of fasting blood glucose concentrations that the liver express...

Explain why it is beneficial for regulation of fasting blood glucose concentrations that the liver express

Glucokinase (Type IV hexokinase) rather than hexokinase type I or II?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

How is partial pressure of a gas determined? What factors cause the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve to...

How is partial pressure of a gas determined?

What factors cause the oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve to shift downward and to the right to reflect enhanced unloading?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

Describe how anatomy and physiology are closely related. why is it difficult to separate anatomy from...

Describe how anatomy and physiology are closely related. why is it difficult to separate anatomy from physiology

In: Anatomy and Physiology

Hyperparathyroidism questions: 1. Based on what you know about the targets of parathyroid hormone, predict the...

Hyperparathyroidism questions:

1. Based on what you know about the targets of parathyroid hormone, predict the symptoms and complications of hypersecretion of this hormone.

2. Where would the dysfunction be occurring in this condition?

3. Identify the actual complications by searching online: Why would these complications occur?

4. How could this condition be diagnosed?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

What is the difference from general somatic afferent fibers and special somatic afferent fibers? Is it...

What is the difference from general somatic afferent fibers and special somatic afferent fibers? Is it possible for a nerve to have more than 1 fiber classification? Which nerve classification is responsible for conducting sensory impulses to the brain from the receptors of hearing and sight?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

Why is acidosis more common than alkalosis?

Why is acidosis more common than alkalosis?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

What is the difference between nutrition "recommendation" and "prescription?" What are the risks and possible alternatives...

  • What is the difference between nutrition "recommendation" and "prescription?"
  • What are the risks and possible alternatives of dietary supplementation?
  • What are the risks of crash, fad, and myth diets; how do they affect exercise?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

An otherwise healthy 30 year old male is being observed in the Emergency Department for chest...

An otherwise healthy 30 year old male is being observed in the Emergency Department for chest discomfort. Blood pressure is 140/95 mmHg, respiration rate of 24/minute. Temp 98.9 F. By cardiac monitor, heart rhythm is normal, with normal intervals. A normal QRS complex follows each P wave. A 6 second rhythm strip shows 8 QRS complexes. An ECG is normal. On echocardiogram, all cardiac chambers and heart valves are normal in appearance. Left ventricular end diastolic volume is 100 ml. Left ventricular end systolic volume is 40 ml. All calculations and units must be included in calculations for full credit.  Calculate heart rate. __________________________  Calculate stroke volume. __________________________  Calculate left ventricular ejection fraction. __________________________  Calculate cardiac output. __________________________  Calculate mean arterial pressure. _______________________

In: Anatomy and Physiology

A patient appears to have “white coat” hypertension- very high blood pressure when they come to...

A patient appears to have “white coat” hypertension- very high blood pressure when they come to the doctor’s office. When they are relaxed at home, blood pressure is fairly normal. Blood tests show that the patient has high sodium levels and low potassium levels during these periods of hypertension. Additionally, the patient’s medical records also showed that blood pressure rises unusually during fasting and illness as well, and that they had to stop taking an anti-inflammatory drug due to hypertension as a side effect. The physician talks to a colleague who is an endocrinologist specializing in genetics (to the rescue!).

The endocrinologist concluded that the patient might have inherited a mutation that affects the activity of a steroid hormone receptor (Receptor A) that binds to a steroid hormone (Hormone A) that plays an important role in blood pressure regulation. She found that the patient has a mutation that allows Receptor A to be activated even better by a second, related steroid Hormone B. Hormone B can now, by accident, strongly activate Receptor A even within the normal range of blood levels regulated by its negative feedback loop.

  • Hormone A: What is Hormone A? What regulates its secretion? What cells secrete it? What is its normal physiological role?
  • Hormone B: What is Hormone B? What regulates its secretion? What cells secrete it? What is its normal physiological role?

In: Anatomy and Physiology

Which environment separated by the respiratory membrane would display the highest oxygen partial pressure? A)Pulmonary capillary...

Which environment separated by the respiratory membrane would display the highest oxygen partial pressure?

A)Pulmonary capillary blood

B) Alveolar air

PLEASE EXPLAIN

In: Anatomy and Physiology

The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone Pathway and the roles that the kidney plays in the human body and how...

The Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone Pathway and the roles that the kidney plays in the human body and how it works to keep the body in balance. Include what happens if there is a homeostatic imbalance as it plays this role.

In: Anatomy and Physiology

1. How does the heart rate from the subject at rest, immediately after exercise, and at...

1. How does the heart rate from the subject at rest, immediately after exercise, and at 1 min, and 2 min after exercise compare? Explain the physiology reasons for any differences.

2.What is occurring during the P-Q interval? How do the average P-Q intervals from rest and each time interval compare? How does the average at rest value compare to the "normal" value?

3. How does the average pulse-wave amplitude from rest and each time interval compare? Explain any variations.

In: Anatomy and Physiology

This discussion board will give you the opportunity to demonstrate your understanding of one function of...

This discussion board will give you the opportunity to demonstrate your understanding of one function of the integumentary system and how it interacts with other body systems to contribute to homeostasis for the organism. Think about the functions of the integumentary system. Along with the barrier function of the skin, there are many other important functions that the integumentary system contributes to. Injury or pathology to the integumentary system often causes a potential disruption to the ability of a person to maintain homeostatic conditions. You will pick two of the following conditions and provide the following for each: the layers and structures of the integumentary system that are involved, the integumentary system functions that are lost or inhibited, and the compensatory steps that the body will take to overcome the deficit. It is fully expected that you will have to do some independent research to provide a robust response to this prompt - it would be in your best interest to start this assignment early!

Choose two of the following conditions to discuss:

Decubitis ulcers (i.e. bedsores)

Shingles

Second degree burn covering the majority of the thorax

Necrotizing fasciitis

Hyperhidrosis

In: Anatomy and Physiology

what is the relationship between increased fat metabolism and hyperglycemia

what is the relationship between increased fat metabolism and hyperglycemia

In: Anatomy and Physiology