[AP Bio] Light wavelength significance for photosynthesis? I am writing an analysis based on a theoretical...

[AP Bio] Light wavelength significance for photosynthesis?

I am writing an analysis based on a theoretical lab report made by other ''students,'' and for the lab they were going to experiment on 'the amount of light and the wavelength of light.' and its significance for photosynthesis. I wrote the theory part below but I am not sure if I should elaborate on anything in particular, or if something is redundant, irrelevant, etc.

I want the theory to be factual and relevant, that is, for it to explain the theories needed to explain and analyze the result in the discussion, also for it to include concepts and phenomena and explain them in-depth and correct way.. thoughts?

THEORY:

Most of the energy that hits our planet comes from the sun, and this is energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation over a large wavelength spectrum. The light that hits the earth is very important for photosynthesis. Leaf dyes such as chlorophyll and carotene capture energy from the light and absorb red and blue light as they have a great effect on photosynthesis. These dyes are called pigments and are found in photosynthetic organisms, these pigments being the light-absorbing molecules that absorb only specific wavelengths of light, while reflecting other wavelengths. Chlorophyll is a green pigment that is common to all photosynthetic cells, and reflects green light while absorbing other wavelengths, which explains why most of us can see a plant as green.

Generally, there are five major types of chlorophyll, chlorophyll a, b, c, d as well as a molecule found in prokaryotes and called bacterial chlorophyll. Chlorophyll a and b are the most important pigments for photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is found in algae and cyanobacteria, while chlorophyll b is found in green algae and plants. Chlorophyll is found in the thylakoids of the chloroplasts, which are surrounded by its own membrane, the lumen, and is in addition to the inner and outer membranes of the chloroplasts, the third membrane, and it is within the thylakoids that the photosynthetic light-dependent reaction takes place. The pigment molecules, together with proteins, are used to form a chemical structure called a photosystem. Each photosystem contains proteins and captures energy-rich photons through the chlorophyll contained in the photosystem. The energy is then used to break down water into oxygen, electron and hydrogen ion. The hydrogen ion concentration, in turn, becomes higher within the thylakoid membrane, or lumen in other words. Further, ATP synthase utilizes these hydrogen ions to produce ATP, which is later used in the non-light dependent reaction. ATP is the cell's energy source, but is rather short-lived in the cell and is therefore used to produce sugar.

By measuring how fast it is possible to absorb carbon dioxide, or how fast carbohydrates are formed, or how fast oxygen is released, we can determine the rate of photosynthesis. This speed is characterized by the brightness, as well as the availability of carbon dioxide. It can be noted that the change in photosynthesis rate is relative to wavelength, which can be obtained by measuring photosynthesis rate when illuminating a plant with the light of different wavelengths, but that they have the same energy content. Short-wave radiation, such as X-rays and ultraviolet light, contains more energy than long-wave radiation.

Theoretically, the light intensity should not be as effective in connection with the growing distance from which the lamp emits its light to the beaker. It is said that the light intensity has an inverse proportion to the square of the distance; thus, this is the inverse square law. Thus, it can be described as: I ∝ 1 / d2, where d stands for the distance in the unit meter, I stands for the light intensity with the unit W / m2, where W stands for watts or energy per second, and where ∝ stands for proportion.

In: Biology

C++ program Reference: while loop, if....else, for loop, the % operator MARTIAN BOOLEAN MULTIPLICATION OBJECTIVE: To...

C++ program

Reference: while loop, if....else, for loop, the % operator

MARTIAN BOOLEAN MULTIPLICATION OBJECTIVE: To compute the product of two integers using the Martian method of multiplication.

INPUT: 5 pairs of positive integers to be multiplied. To be read in one pair at a time. USE A FOR LOOP TO CONTROL THE READING OF THE INPUT

OUTPUT: Submit the following: The psuedocode or notes on how you will attack the problem Hand in the complete C++ program, properly commented Copy and paste your output screen to the bottom of your program The input numbers along with the answer (product) in a format of your choosing.

Your name must appear as the last line of output.

TEST CASES: Your program should yield the correct product for the following values. 75 40 15 999 1 1 0 0

In: Computer Science

In a spray dryer operation, milk powder with a moisture content of 4 %wt is produced...

In a spray dryer operation, milk powder with a moisture content of 4 %wt is produced by dehydrating liquid milk with an initial moisture content of 90 %wt. Hot air for the drying process was generated by drawing and heating the ambient air, initially at 25 ˚C with a relative humidity of 70 % at a mass flow rate of 1000 kg/hr.  The ambient air was heated to 114˚C.  Assuming an adiabatic drying process and the exit air with a relative humidity of 80 %, calculate the production rate of the milk powder (in kg/hr).

In: Other

A 300 kg piano is being lowered into position by a crane while two people steady...

A 300 kg piano is being lowered into position by a crane while two people steady it with ropes pulling to the sides. Bob's rope pulls to the left, 11 ∘ below the horizontal, with 330 N of tension. Ellen's rope pulls toward the right, 28 ∘ below the horizontal.

Part A

What tension must Ellen maintain in her rope to keep the piano descending vertically at a constant speed?

Express your answer in newtons.

Part B

What is the tension in the vertical main cable supporting the piano?

Express your answer in newtons.

In: Physics

Post your article about Business and the Environment Post your article here and include the following...

Post your article about Business and the Environment Post your article here and include the following information in your post: 1. What is the article about? 2. What did you learn?

In: Operations Management

A comparative statement of financial position for Sheffield Industries Inc. follows: SHEFFIELD INDUSTRIES INC. Statement of...

A comparative statement of financial position for Sheffield Industries Inc. follows:

SHEFFIELD INDUSTRIES INC.
Statement of Financial Position
December 31, 2020
December 31
Assets 2020 2019
Cash $22,500 $35,500
Accounts receivable 117,000 55,300
Inventory 231,000 199,000
Land 86,000 130,000
Equipment 278,000 204,000
Accumulated depreciation—equipment (70,500 ) (42,900 )
    Total $664,000 $580,900
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Accounts payable $52,700 $60,200
Bonds payable 164,400 218,400
Common shares 234,000 180,000
Retained earnings 212,900 122,300
    Total $664,000 $580,900


Additional information:

1. Net income for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2020, was $142,000.
2. Cash dividends of $51,400 were declared and paid. Dividends paid are treated as financing activities.
3. Bonds payable amounting to $54,000 were retired through issuance of common shares.
4. Land was sold at a gain of $3,000.
5. No equipment was sold during the year.



(a) Prepare a statement of cash flows using the indirect method.

In: Accounting

A 4 cylinder 4 stroke 2.3 L diesel engine with bore = 12.4 cm and stroke...

A 4 cylinder 4 stroke 2.3 L diesel engine with bore = 12.4 cm and stroke =11 cm. the crank radius is 6.2 cm and with a connecting rod length 15 cm. the compression ratio of the engine is 20 and the combustion efficiency is 97.3 %. If the average speed of the car over the running life of the engine is 56 km/h and the total traveled distance of the engine is 250000 km. note: use the engine speed as 2300 rpm whenever needed, mechanical efficiency is 73 %, indicated work produced from each cycle each cylinder is 1400J, and assume that the injection started 10 degrees bTDC and ends at 25 crank angle degree aTDC.

Determine:

  1. The volume of the BDC.
  2. The amount of the fuel that didn’t burned in the combustion chamber .
  3. The rate of the air flow to the engine if the volumetric efficiency is 70 %.
  4. The number of the exhaust strokes that have been happened during the engine life in one cylinder.
  5. Indicated mean effective pressure.
  6. The torque produced from the engine.
  7. The time duration for the injection process.
  8. The position of the piston at the end of the injection period.
  9. The volume of the combustion chamber at the moment of the injection process.
  10. If the mass floe rate of the fuel used if A/F is 19.3 kgair/kgfuel.
  11. The specific power of the engine.
  12. Based on the dimensions of the bore and the stroke, is this engine square engine or over or under square one?

In: Mechanical Engineering

By using Managerial,communication or operational processes use the steps to write a case study on Pepsi...

By using Managerial,communication or operational processes use the steps to write a case study on Pepsi company,give points and elaborate in details. (Management Subject)

In: Operations Management

money is probably the most important reward for every employee and employers constantly ask themselves how...

money is probably the most important reward for every employee and employers constantly ask themselves how much employees should be paid to remain attracted, motivated and retained in the organisation.

a) Develop a compensation system that Will attract, motivate and retain the right quality of staff.

In: Operations Management

Fatima is 86 years old female admitted to emergency room complains of skin tear of her...

Fatima is 86 years old female admitted to emergency room complains of skin tear of her right leg. She states she fell down and cut her leg. You use a septic technique to clean the skin tear and remove the clotted blood. You positioned the skin flap to approximate the edges of the wound. And then you covered the entire wound bed with a sterile non-stick dressing and bandage. You asked Fatima to come back in one week for reassessment of the wound. You instruct her on how to protect the area, the importance of keeping it clean and dry and signs of infection she needs to be aware of. She demonstrates a reasonable understanding of your instructions. Four days after Fatia has attended the hospital, she re admitted to ER complaining of throbbing pain in her leg at the location of skin tear but radiating up and down whole leg. She rates her pain as 8 out of 10. When you examine leg wound you found it is inflamed in the surrounding tissue and moderate amount of thick yellow exudate being discharged from the wound. Fatima vital signs taken were

BP – 189/92 mmHg

HR – 92 beats/minute

RR – 24 breaths/minute

T – 39.2°C

SpO2 – 95% on room air

She was admitted to the hospital for more active treatment of the wound, including antibiotics.

Questions :

  1. Develop a nursing care plan for Fatima taking in consideration nursing process steps ( assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation)

In: Nursing

Speculate on the main reasons why the skills and training of project managers have changed over...

Speculate on the main reasons why the skills and training of project managers have changed over time. Give your opinion as to whether these changes have been good for business. Provide a rationale for your response.

Suppose you are starting a Project Management Office (PMO) at an organization. Give your opinion as to what the key considerations would be for the endeavor to be successful. Speculate whether you would hire an experienced project manager or a consulting company to facilitate the starting of the PMO. Support your rationale with at least two (2) advantages of hiring your selection.

In: Operations Management

Joe's Drones is attempting to minimize total inventory cost and maximize profits this year. Each drone...

Joe's Drones is attempting to minimize total inventory cost and maximize profits this year. Each drone costs Joe $100 to buy and he sells them for $150 each. Joe’s mom helps with the purchasing and ordering and he pays her $100 for every order she places. Joe leases warehouse space from a friend where he can store his inventory and he pays $2.50 per month for each board that he has to store to use this space.

Drones are a hot item and Joe expects to sell 2,500 of them this year. He is currently ordering once a month, but he thinks that he can save money if he optimizes his order quantity.

a) If Joe continues to order once a month this year, what will his Total Annual Cost of Inventory be?

b) Assuming Joe sells everything that he orders, what will his annual profit be if he continues to order once a month

c) What quantity should Joe to order that would minimize Total Cost of Inventory (not Total Cost - the is Inventory only)?

d) How much will Joe’s annual profit change if he orders based on the EOQ rather than ordering once a month?

In: Operations Management

Answer the following: Define the pareto principle in general and as it applies to analytics. If...

Answer the following:

  • Define the pareto principle in general and as it applies to analytics.
  • If you created a “to do” list of 10 goals that you have for this class, which 2 would you place at the top of your list.
  • What, if anything, is keeping you from achieving those top 2.
  • Give an example of when you (not you personally, but a general example) would not want to apply the 80/20 rule….where perfection would be needed.

In: Operations Management

1) Which takes more work, slowing a car from 100km/h to 70km/h, or 70km/h to 0?...

1) Which takes more work, slowing a car from 100km/h to 70km/h, or 70km/h to 0?

2) A 0.2kg falcon flies at 50m/s toward a 0.01kg shrew moving at 0.2m/s away from the falcon. What is the total kinetic energy of the falcon-shrew system?

In: Physics

E6-5 Calculating Contribution Margin and Contribution Margin Ratio; Identifying Break-Even Point, Target Profit [LO 6-1, 6-2]...

E6-5 Calculating Contribution Margin and Contribution Margin Ratio; Identifying Break-Even Point, Target Profit [LO 6-1, 6-2]

Sandy Bank, Inc., makes one model of wooden canoe. Partial information for it follows:

Required:
1.
Complete the following table. (Round your "Cost per Unit" answers to 2 decimal places.)

Number of Canoes Sold and Purchased 480 570 780
Total Cost
Variable Costs $76,320
Fixed Costs 155,040
Total Costs $231,360
Cost per unit
Variable Cost per unit
Fixed Cost per Unit
Total Cost per unit

2. Suppose Sandy Bank sells its canoes for $510 each. Calculate the contribution margin per canoe and the contribution margin ratio. (Round your intermediate calculations and final answers to 2 decimal places. Round your "percentage" answer to 2 decimal places. (i.e. .1234 should be entered as 12.34%.))

Unit Contribution Margin per Canoe
Contribution Margin Ratio %

3. This year Sandy Bank expects to sell 840 canoes. Prepare a contribution margin income statement for the company. (Round your intermediate calculations to 2 decimal places.)

Sandy Banks, Inc.
Contribution Margin Income Statement
For the current year
Contribution Margin
Income From Operations

4. Calculate Sandy Bank’s break-even point in units and in sales dollars. (Round final answers to the nearest whole number).

Break-even units Canoes
Break-even sales revenue

5. Suppose Sandy Bank wants to earn $72,000 profit this year. Calculate the number of canoes that must be sold to achieve this target. (Round Unit Contribution Margin to 2 decimal places. Round your answer to the next whole number.)

Target Sales Unit Canoes

In: Accounting