##### There are 3 SPSS outputs in this homework assignment. The questions for each output are listed...

There are 3 SPSS outputs in this homework assignment. The questions for each output are listed below. Please type your answers into this word document and submit it as an attachment in the assignment tab.

Q1. Researchers were interested in determining whether background music helped or hindered students’ performance on a math test. Students were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: 1) no music; 2) music only; and 3) music with lyrics. Students were then given a math exam, scores which could range from 0 to 100.

1. State the null and alternate hypotheses.
2. What is the total sample size
3. Identify the independent and dependent variables
4. What is the test statistic value
5. What is the p value
7. Do we need a post hoc analysis Why or why not

 N Mean Std. Deviation Std. Error 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound Upper Bound No music 250 77.59 13.055 .826 75.96 79.21 Music only 250 78.10 13.357 .845 76.44 79.77 Music and lyrics 250 78.97 13.263 .839 77.32 80.62 Total 750 78.22 13.221 .483 77.27 79.17

 ANOVA minutes Sum of Squares df Mean Square F Sig. Between Groups 244.595 2 122.297 .699 .497 Within Groups 130668.664 747 174.925 Total 130913.259 749

In: Math

##### 2. An experiment was conducted by a physiologist to determine whether exercise improves the human immune...

2. An experiment was conducted by a physiologist to determine whether exercise improves the human immune system. Thirty subjects volunteered to participate in the study. The amount of immunoglobulin known as IgG (an indicator of long-term immunity) and the maximal oxygen uptake (a measure of aerobic fitness level) were recorded for each subject. The data can be found in the file marked AEROBIC. You will need to use the Data Analysis - Regression Function for this problem, as well as some graphing functions.

a. Construct a scattergram for the IgG-maximal oxygen uptake data.

b. Hypothesize a probabilistic model relating IgG to maximal oxygen uptake.

c. Fit the model to the data. Is there sufficient evidence to indicate that the model provides information for the prediction of IgG, y? Test using α = .05.

d. Does a second-order term contribute information for the prediction of y? Test using α = .05.

 Subject IgG Max Oxy 1 881 34.6 2 1290 45.0 3 2147 62.3 4 1909 58.9 5 1282 42.5 6 1530 44.3 7 2067 67.9 8 1982 58.5 9 1019 35.6 10 1651 49.6 11 752 33.0 12 1687 52.0 13 1782 61.4 14 1529 50.2 15 969 34.1 16 1660 52.5 17 2121 69.9 18 1382 38.8 19 1714 50.6 20 1959 69.4 21 1158 37.4 22 965 35.1 23 1456 43.0 24 1273 44.1 25 1418 49.8 26 1743 54.4 27 1997 68.5 28 2177 69.5 29 1965 63.0 30 1264 43.2

In: Math

##### Use the table below to answer questions 4.5 – 4.7: This table contains the same client...

Use the table below to answer questions 4.5 – 4.7: This table contains the same client data as the first table. This time, though, the instructor is interested in knowing how his clients’ other activities might impact their average cycling speed in spin class. He notes that half of his clients also ride bikes outside during the week, while the other half of his clients do not bike anywhere except spin class.

Rides Outside

Only Spin Rides Outside Only SPin Rides outside only spin
20 15
17 17
18 19
22 17
21 17
18 16
17 18

Average Speed M = 19 M = 17

4.5 Calculate SS for each sample of spin class clients (the portion who ride outside and the portion who only do spin class). Show Work by inserting numbers into the table to show intermediate steps Rides Outside SS = Only Spin Class SS =

4.6 Calculate s for each group Rides Outside s = Only Spin Class s =

4.7 Based on the statistics you have computed, does there appear to be any difference in average speed between those who bike outside and those who only bike during spin class?

Explain why or why not?

In: Math

##### Plot Nutrients added # of species 1 0 36 2 0 36 3 0 32 4...

 Plot Nutrients added # of species 1 0 36 2 0 36 3 0 32 4 1 34 5 2 33 6 3 30 7 1 20 8 3 23 9 4 21 10 4 16

What effect do nutrient additions have on plant species diversity? Long-term experiments at the Rothamstead Experimental Station in the U.K. sought to investigate the relationship, with some interesting findings.

The data can be found in the linked Google Sheets document  - you'll want to copy it to Excel and use the Data Analysis ToolPak.

1) Produce a scatter plot of the data (click here for a generic youtube video on creating a scatter plot from excel data - this is for informational purposes only - it's not your data)

• Which is the explanatory variable? (nutrients OR species)
• Which is the response variable? (nutrients OR species)
• Looking at your scatter plot, do you observe a positive or negative relationship?

• What fraction of the variation in the number of plant species is "explained" by the number of nutrients added? Answer to two decimal places.

3) Test the hypothesis of no treatment effect on the number of plant species.

• Do you accept or reject the null hypothesis?

In: Math

##### A physician with a practice is currently serving 280 patients. The physician would like to administer...

A physician with a practice is currently serving 280 patients. The physician would like to administer a survey to his patients to measure their satisfaction level with his practice. A random sample of 22 patients had an average satisfaction score of 8.3 on a scale of​ 1-10. The sample standard deviation was 1.3 . Complete parts a and b below. a. Construct a​ 99% confidence interval to estimate the average satisfaction score for the​ physician's practice. The​ 99% confidence interval to estimate the average satisfaction score is left parenthesis nothing comma nothing right parenthesis . ​(Round to two decimal places as​ needed.)

In: Math

##### Recent incidents of food contamination have caused great concern among consumers. An article reported that 39...

Recent incidents of food contamination have caused great concern among consumers. An article reported that 39 of 80 randomly selected Brand A brand chickens tested positively for either campylobacter or salmonella (or both), the leading bacterial causes of food-borne disease, whereas 62 of 80 Brand B brand chickens tested positive.

a)Does it appear that the true proportion of non-contaminated Brand A chickens differs from that for Brand B? Carry out a test of hypotheses using a significance level 0.01. (Use p1 for Brand A and p2 for Brand B.)

Calculate the test statistic and P-value. (Round your test statistic to two decimal places and your P-value to four decimal places.)

z=  P-value =

b)if the true proportions of non-contaminated chickens for the Brand A and Brand B are 0.50 and 0.25, respectively, how likely is it that the null hypothesis of equal proportions will be rejected when a 0.01 significance level is used and the sample sizes are both 60? (Round your answer to four decimal places.)

In: Math

##### A supermarket is trying to decide whether to accept or reject a shipment of tomatoes. It...

A supermarket is trying to decide whether to accept or reject a shipment of tomatoes. It is impossible to check all the tomatoes for size, but they desire an average weight of 8 ounces (they neither want too large nor too small).

(a) State the hypotheses.

(b) A random sample of 25 tomatoes yields an average weight of 7.65 ounces and a standard

deviation of 1.15 ounces. Calculate the test statistic and the p-value.

(c) Would you reject H0, or fail to reject H0 at 5% level of significance?

(d) Should the supermarket reject the shipment? Explain.

(e) To what type of error are you subject to?

In: Math

##### Collect data from 30 people from your work, school, neighborhood, family, or other group. Ask a...

Collect data from 30 people from your work, school, neighborhood, family, or other group. Ask a quantitative question, such as, “How many pets do you have?” or “How many college classes have you taken?” Explain your population, sample, and sampling method and what level of measurement your data is (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio). Use technology ( Excel) to create a Histogram of your data and explain the shape of the distribution (bell-shaped, uniform, right-skewed, or left-skewed) and possible reasons why the distribution is this shape. Explain the importance of this data, what you find interesting about the data, and why the public should know. Look up a newspaper, e-pub, or journal article that confirms or denies the results of your small study.

In: Math

##### 7. A certain drug is used to treat asthma. In a clinical trial of the​ drug,...

7. A certain drug is used to treat asthma. In a clinical trial of the​ drug, 20 of 286 treated subjects experienced headaches​ (based on data from the​ manufacturer). The accompanying calculator display shows results from a test of the claim that less than 12​% of treated subjects experienced headaches. Use the normal distribution as an approximation to the binomial distribution and assume a 0.05 significance level to complete parts​ (a) through​ (e) below.

a. Is the test​ two-tailed, left-tailed, or​ right-tailed?

Right tailed test

​Left-tailed test

​Two-tailed test

b. What is the test​ statistic?

Z=

​(Round to two decimal places as​ needed.)

c. What is the​ P-value?

​P-value=______

​(Round to four decimal places as​ needed.)

d. What is the null​ hypothesis, and what do you conclude about​ it?

Identify the null hypothesis.

A:Ho<0.09

B:Ho>0.09

C:Ho:p≠0.09

D:Ho:p=0.09

Decide whether to reject the null hypothesis. Choose the correct answer below.

A.Reject the null hypothesis because the​ P-value is greater than the significance​ level, alpha.

B.Reject the null hypothesis because the​ P-value is less than or equal to the significance​ level, alpha.

C.Fail to reject the null hypothesis because the​ P-value is greater than the significance​ level, alpha.

D.Fail to reject the null hypothesis because the​ P-value is less than or equal to the significance​ level, alpha.

e. What is the final​ conclusion?

A.There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that less than 9​% of treated subjects experienced headaches.

B.There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that less than 9​% of treated subjects experienced headaches.

C.There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that less than 9​% of treated subjects experienced headaches.

D.There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that less than 9​% of treated subjects experienced headaches.

In: Math

##### Suppose μ1 and μ2 are true mean stopping distances at 50 mph for cars of a...

Suppose μ1 and μ2 are true mean stopping distances at 50 mph for cars of a certain type equipped with two different types of braking systems. The data follows: m = 8,x = 115.8, s1 = 5.06, n = 8, y = 129.5, and s2 = 5.35. Calculate a 95% CI for the difference between true average stopping distances for cars equipped with system 1 and cars equipped with system 2. (Round your answers to two decimal places.)

In: Math

##### A machine that is programmed to package 3.90 pounds of cereal is being tested for its...

A machine that is programmed to package 3.90 pounds of cereal is being tested for its accuracy. In a sample of 64 cereal boxes, the sample mean filling weight is calculated as 3.95 pounds. The population standard deviation is known to be 0.14 pound. [You may find it useful to reference the z table.]

a-1. Identify the relevant parameter of interest for these quantitative data.

The parameter of interest is the average filling weight of all cereal packages.
The parameter of interest is the proportion filling weight of all cereal packages.

a-2. Compute its point estimate as well as the margin of error with 90% confidence. (Round intermediate calculations to at least 4 decimal places. Round "z" value to 3 decimal places and final answers to 2 decimal places.)

b-1. Calculate the 90% confidence interval. (Use rounded margin of error. Round your final answers to 2 decimal places.)

b-2. Can we conclude that the packaging machine is operating improperly?

No, since the confidence interval contains the target filling weight of 3.90.
No, since the confidence interval does not contain the target filling weight of 3.90.
Yes, since the confidence interval contains the target filling weight of 3.90.
Yes, since the confidence interval does not contain the target filling weight of 3.90.

c. How large a sample must we take if we want the margin of error to be at most 0.02 pound with 90% confidence? (Round intermediate calculations to at least 4 decimal places. Round "z" value to 3 decimal places and round up your final answer to the next whole number.)

In: Math

##### Problem 1 The dependent variable is assumed to be values of a land. a) Use the...

Problem 1

The dependent variable is assumed to be values of a land.

a) Use the Excel regression tool to do the linear regression, and provide the

“Line Fit Plots” (which is provided in the regression interface). (5 points)

b) What can the plot tell you? E.g., does it show that the fitting is good?

(5 points)

c) Now check the output.

c.1) What is the standard error of the estimate of the slope? (5 points)

c.2) What is the t-test statistic for the slope? Reproduce the t-test statistic

in Excel using other values in the output (e.g., point estimate and standard

error). (10 points)

c.2) What is the 95% confidence interval of the slope? Reproduce the con-

fidence interval in Excel using other values in the output (e.g., t stat). Can

we use the confidence interval to claim that the independent variable can be

dropped in the linear regression model? (10 points)

c.3) What is the p-value for the estimate of the slope? Reproduce the p-value

in Excel using other values in the output (e.g., t stat). Can we use the p-values

to claim that the independent variable can be dropped in the linear regression

model? (10 points)

c.4) Does the linear regression model fit well? Explain your answer. (5

points)

d) Assume that the area of the land you are considering to sell is only one

acre. Does the linear regression model provide a good prediction for the value

e) Assume that you want to check if the slope should be significantly bigger

than 10,000.

e.1) Write the hypotheses. (5 points)

e.2) What is the new t-test statistic? (5 points)

e.3) What is the new p-value for the estimate of the slope? Is the slope

significantly bigger than 10,000? (10 points)

 Values 836,586,000 986,547,000 1,075,609,000 381,443,000 889,148,000 1,096,422,000 1,340,628,000 903,129,000 785,261,000 1,407,381,000 799,722,000 1,242,590,000 378,638,000 395,110,000 582,299,000 286,805,000 1,286,312,000 188,313,000 529,053,000 700,357,000 1,123,597,000 392,277,000 1,068,679,000 576,348,000 535,527,000 797,064,000 854,322,000 1,415,763,000 1,110,576,000 543,485,000 621,503,000 44,632,000 473,953,000 129,286,000 372,399,000 604,300,000 432,818,000 748,532,000 139,826,000 456,433,000 1,694,543,000 967,926,000 1,009,765,000 1,085,302,000 1,089,378,000 1,331,657,000 364,124,000 1,070,730,000 1,536,796,000 1,426,503,000 796,188,000 1,559,685,000 493,466,000 743,640,000 376,926,000 957,234,000 169,340,000 157,625,000 309,507,000 265,410,000 251,621,000 412,789,000 136,533,000 184,032,000 256,578,000 228,716,000 565,330,000 219,363,000 388,716,000 81,059,000 371,794,000 853,684,000 618,448,000 1,032,717,000 876,501,000 157,428,000 726,993,000 1,178,550,000 762,332,000 1,269,773,000 1,018,473,000 895,709,000 2,412,768,000 1,211,090,000 1,060,153,000 2,145,334,000 1,050,692,000 1,227,843,000

In: Math

##### Most people, when asked, will say that they do not like negative ads. However, negative advertising...

Most people, when asked, will say that they do not like negative ads. However, negative advertising does work and, therefore, it is used quite often. What type of campaign material most appeals to you? What is not appealing? If you were running for office, what kind of approach would you take?

In: Math

##### 5. The test statistic of z=2.31 is obtained when testing the claim that p>0.3. a. This...

5. The test statistic of z=2.31 is obtained when testing the claim that p>0.3.

a. This is a (two-tailed, right-tailed, left-tailed) test.

b.​ P-value=_____

​(Round to three decimal places as​ needed.)

Choose the correct conclusion below.

A.Reject Ho. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that p>0.3.

B.Reject Ho. There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that p>0.3.

C.Fail to reject Ho. There is sufficient evidence to support the claim that p>0.3.

D.Fail to reject Ho. There is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that p>0.3

6. The test statistic of z=- 2.58 is obtained when testing the claim that P=3/5.

a. The critical​ value(s) is/are z=______

​(Round to two decimal places as needed. Use a comma to separate answers as​ needed.)

b. Choose the correct conclusion below.

A.Reject Ho. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that P=3/5

B.Reject Ho. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that P=3/5

C.Fail to reject Ho. There is sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that P=3/5

D.Fail to reject Ho. There is not sufficient evidence to warrant rejection of the claim that P=3/5

In: Math

##### Bass - Samples: The bass in Clear Lake have weights that are normally distributed with a...

Bass - Samples: The bass in Clear Lake have weights that are normally distributed with a mean of 2.2 pounds and a standard deviation of 0.6 pounds. Suppose you catch a stringer of 6 bass with a total weight of 15.9 pounds. Here we determine how unusual this is.

(a) What is the mean fish weight of your catch of 6? Round your answer to 1 decimal place.

(b) If 6 bass are randomly selected from Clear Lake, find the probability that the mean weight is greater than the mean of those you caught. Round your answer to 4 decimal places.
2

(c) Which statement best describes your situation?

This is unusual because the probability of randomly selecting 6 fish with a mean weight greater than or equal to the mean of your stringer is less than the benchmark probability of 0.05.

This is not particularly unusual because the mean weight of your fish is only 0.5 pounds above the population average.

In: Math