In: Chemistry

# How much heat is required to convert 84.9 g of ice at -17.0 C to steam...

How much heat is required to convert 84.9 g of ice at -17.0 C to steam at 114 C?

## Solutions

##### Expert Solution

Q = heat change for conversion of ice at -17 oC to ice at 0 oC + heat change for conversion of ice at 0oC to water at 0oC + heat change for conversion of water at 0oC to water at 100 oC +heat change for conversion of water at 100 oC to vapour at 100 oC+ heat change for conversion of vapour at 100 oC to vapour at 114 oC

Amount of heat absorbed , Q = mcdt + mL + mc'dt + mL' + mc"dt"

= m(cdt + L + c'dt' + L' + c"dt" )

Where

m = mass of ice = 84.9 g

c” = Specific heat of steam = 2.1 J/g degree C

c' = Specific heat of water = 4.186 J/g degree C

c = Specific heat of ice = 2.09 J/g degree C

L’ = Heat of Vaporization of water = 2260 J/g

L= Heat of fusion of ice = 334.9 J/g

dt’’ = 114-100 = 14oC

dt' = 100 -0 =100 oC

dt = 0-(-17)=17 oC

Plug the values we get Q = m(cdt + L + c'dt '+ L' + c"dt" )

= 261.3x103 J

= 261.3 kJ

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