Describe the specific properties of the surface of the Moon, and how they got there. Be specific, using descriptions as though you were speaking to a friend who doesn't know anything about the subject.
ANSWER- The specific properties of the surface of the moon are as follows-
The surface of the moon has two hemispheres with rather asymmetric properties;
The surface is divided into two types- lighter areas called the LUNAR HIGHLANDS and higher areas called the MARIA.The maria are lower in altitude than the highlands .The dark material filling the Maria is actually dark ,solidified lava from earlier periods of Lunar volcanism .
The surface has witnessed many large craters as a result of meteor impacts,usually more on the highlands.larger number of craters indicate older crusts.
The moon is covered with gently rolling layer of powdery soil with scattered rocks that is called the regolith.
the most common rock type of rock is igneous ,as there is no atmosphere and no water for breakdown.