##### 7. Suppose Bob has the public key (n, e) = (21733, 691). You are Eve, and...

7. Suppose Bob has the public key (n, e) = (21733, 691). You are Eve, and you have intercepted the ciphertext C = 21012. On a whim, you decide to check whether C and n are relatively prime, and to your delight, you discover that they are not! Show how you can use this to recover the plaintext M.

Note: The chance that M (or equivalently C) is not relatively prime to the modulus n is1/p + 1 /q− 1/pq , and when p, q are both larger than 100 digits long, this probability is less than 10^−99! So although this is a vulnerability that one should be aware of, in practice it doesn’t cause issues very often.

##### A study was conducted to determine whether a new drug, nomasbesos, was effective in preventing the...

A study was conducted to determine whether a new drug, nomasbesos, was effective in preventing the swollen spleen that often occurs when a person has a mononucleosis (mono) infection. Individuals with mono were randomly selected to either receive nomasbesos or a placebo treatment. Among the 315 who received the nomasbesos, 35 developed swollen spleens. Among the 275 individuals who received the placebo, 92 developed swollen spleens. Go out to 3 decimal points for all your calculations and then round to 2 decimal points for your final answer. The answers are below for your studying purposes.

Complete the 2x2 for the study. Be SURE to indicate precisely what your treatment and outcome are and complete all applicable cells.

 Swollen spleen No swollen spleen Totals Nomasbesos (treatment) Placebo Totals

1. What kind of study design (specifically) was used? How do you know?

2. What is the appropriate measure of association?

3. Calculate the value of the appropriate measure of association. Show all your work.

4. What does the calculated association mean in words?

##### Adirondack Savings Bank (ASB) has $1 million in new funds that must be allocated to home... Adirondack Savings Bank (ASB) has$1 million in new funds that must be allocated to home loans, personal loans, and automobile loans. The annual rates of return for the three types of loans are 5% for home loans, 13% for personal loans, and 8% for automobile loans. The bank’s planning committee has decided that at least 40% of the new funds must be allocated to home loans. In addition, the planning committee has specified that the amount allocated to personal loans cannot exceed 60% of the amount allocated to automobile loans.

(a) Formulate a linear programming model that can be used to determine the amount of funds ASB should allocate to each type of loan to maximize the total annual return for the new funds. If the constant is "1" it must be entered in the box. If your answer is zero enter “0”.
 Let H = amount allocated to home loans P = amount allocated to personal loans A = amount allocated to automobile loans
 Max H + P + A s.t. H + P + A ≥ Minimum Home Loans H + P + A ≤ Personal Loan Requirement H + P + A = Amount of New Funds
(b) How much should be allocated to each type of loan?
 Loan type Allocation Home $Personal$ Automobile $What is the total annual return? If required, round your answer to nearest whole dollar amount.$
What is the annual percentage return?
%
(d) Suppose the total amount of new funds available is increased by $10,000. What effect would this have on the total annual return? Explain. If required, round your answer to nearest whole dollar amount. An increase of$10,000 to the total amount of funds available would increase the total annual return by $. (e) Assume that ASB has the original$1 million in new funds available and that the planning committee has agreed to relax the requirement that at least 40% of the new funds must be allocated to home loans by 1%. How much would the annual return change?

##### Nepal and Tibet can both produce butter [B] or tea [T].         If Nepal allocates all...

Nepal and Tibet can both produce butter [B] or tea [T].

If Nepal allocates all resources to butter, it can produce a maximum of 500 units a year. If all its

resources are allocated to tea, it can produce a maximum of 2500 units.

If Tibet allocates all resources to butter, it can produce a maximum of 1500 units a year. If all its resources are allocated to tea, it can produce a maximum of 3000 units of tea.

[a] Political considerations initially mean that trade is not possible between Nepal and Tibet.

If Nepal produces 1250 units of tea for itself, how many units of butter does it produce for itself?

If Tibet also produced 1250 units of tea for itself, how many units of butter does it produce for itself?

What is the combined amount of tea produced by the countries when trade is not possible? The combined amount of butter?

[b] If political considerations change and trade becomes possible, which good will Nepal trade to

[c]   If Nepal and Tibet pursue complete specialization in the production of their comparative advantage products when initiating trade, what is the combined amount of tea produced by the countries?

Under complete specialization in comparative advantage, what is the combined amount of butter?

Comparing combined production prior to the possibility of trade [see [a]] with combined production available under specialization, what are the potential gains from trade as measured by additional butter and/or tea?

[d] Assuming complete specialization by both countries, identify a specific trade [i.e. an amount of tea traded for an amount of butter] that will leave both countries better off when compared to their positions in [a].

##### Solve the following initial value problem: tdy/dt+5y=5t with y(1)=8. Put the problem in standard form. Then...

Solve the following initial value problem: tdy/dt+5y=5t with y(1)=8.

Put the problem in standard form.

Then find the integrating factor, ρ(t)=

and finally find y(t)=

##### A) Solve the initial value problem: 8x−4y√(x^2+1) * dy/dx=0 y(0)=−8 y(x)= B)  Find the function y=y(x) (for...

A) Solve the initial value problem:

8x−4y√(x^2+1) * dy/dx=0

y(0)=−8

y(x)=

B)  Find the function y=y(x) (for x>0 ) which satisfies the separable differential equation

dy/dx=(10+16x)/xy^2 ; x>0

with the initial condition y(1)=2
y=

C) Find the solution to the differential equation

dy/dt=0.2(y−150)

if y=30 when t=0

y=