compare and contrast liberalism and realism, please. 250- 300 word
Realism is, as motivated by economic self-interest, mainly concerned with states and their behavior in the international system. Realism, therefore, holds that international organizations and other trans-state or sub-state actors have little real influence vis-à - vis states as unitary actors who care for themselves.
In stark contrast to realism, liberalism believes in measuring power through state economies, the possibility of peace and cooperation, as well as the concepts of political freedoms, rights and the like.
This having been developed as central premises of liberal international theory, may it be concluded that since there are measurable limits to human existence and altruistic behavior, as in the realist school of thought, liberalism is thus too idealistic in its belief in human potential and in the inevitable obsolescence of war as a measure of state power in the international system
Realism and liberalism are both reflections of the different aspects of the international system that we are trying to understand. The significance of both lies in their ability to explain opposite phenomena, and while both are clearly antithetical, perhaps the answer to the question of how the world functions lies not in the thesis and antithesis but in the synthesis of both. One rational approach to state development combined with a belief in the intrinsic potential of humanity. In my opinion, perhaps the true path lies in combination with all the discord that existed with both schools of thought A state of chaos as a situation but culminating in harmony, and a world that recognizes the challenges facing all its people, but also recognizes that humanity has always been successful in overcoming what seems insurmountable.