In: Chemistry

Physical Chemistry chemical equilibrium question

Dissociation of phosphorus pentachloride $$\left(P C I_{5}\right)$$ is favored by-

(i)High T, High P

(ii) High T, low P

(iii) Low T, Low P

(iv) Low $$T$$, High P

Solutions

Expert Solution

Phosphorus pentachloride dissociated as, $$\mathrm{PCl}_{5}(\mathrm{~g})-\mathrm{m} \mathrm{PCl}_{3}(\mathrm{~g})+\mathrm{Cl}_{2}(\mathrm{~g})$$

Now, for this reaction difference between

the gaseous products in both side, $$\Delta n=(2-1)=1$$

So, we can say that the dissociation could be

favoured by low pressure.

And in high temperature the dissociation

would be more favorable as the value of

$$\Delta \mathrm{n}=1$$ for the given process.

Hence, the correct answer is "High T, low P"

The correct answer is (ii) High T , Low P