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In: Biology

In Biology, Compare and contrast in detail photosynthesis and respiration.

In Biology, Compare and contrast in detail photosynthesis and respiration.

Solutions

Expert Solution

photosynthesis respiration
defination photosynthesis is process in photoautotrophs that converts CO2 into organic compound in the presence of sunlight respiration is a set of metabolic reaction that takes in the cells of living organisms that convert nutrients like sugar into ATP and waste products
site of reaction photosynthesis takes place in chloroplast and organelles of plant cell respiration takesplace in the cytoplasm and mitochondria in the cell of a living organisms
reaction kinetics the electron acceptor in photosynthesis is NAD+ the acceptor is NADH
chemical equation 6CO2 + 12H2O + light ------> C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O 6O2 + C6H12O6 ------>6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP(energy)
process the production of organic carbon(glucose and starch) from inorganic carbon (CO2) with the use of ATP and NADPH produce in the light dependent reaction

production of ATP via oxidation of organic sugar compounds:

1) glycolysis: breaking down of sugars occur in cytoplast

2)krebcycle: occur in mitochondria, requires energy

3) electron transport chain: in mitochondria converts O2 to water

production of ATP yes yes, theoratical yield is 38 ATP molecule per glucose but actual yield is only about 30-32
electron source oxidation H2O at PSll glucose, NADH+, FADH2
function production of food, energy is captured breakdown of food, energy is released
stages

2 stages:

the light dependent reaction, light independent reaction(AKA light cycle and Calvin cycle)

4 stages:

glycolysis, linking reaction(pyruvate oxidation), kreb cycle, electron transport chain(oxidative phosphorylation)


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