In: Chemistry

Characteristics of α, β, and γ rays

Given below are statements that summarize the characteristics of α, β, and γ rays. Identify the characteristics that correspond to each type of radiation.

1. it is symbolized as 4/2 He

2. it has the weakest penetrating power

3. It is a high-speed electron

4. It possesses neither mass nor charge

5. it has the strongest penetrating power

6. its is symbolized as 0/-1e

7. it is the most massive of all the components

Drag the appropriate items to their respective bins.

Alpha rays: Beta rays: Gamma rays

Concepts and reason

The concept used to solve this problem is based on the properties of radiation. The radiation properties vary due to different regions of the radiation, different wavelengths,s, and different frequencies.

Fundamentals

Radiation is the transmission or emission of energy in particles or waves through a material medium or space. Particle radiation is a type of radiation that involves alpha radiation, beta radiation, and gamma radiation.

The characteristics of \(\alpha\) rays are as follows:

It is symbolized as \(4 / 2 \mathrm{He}\) ]. It the weakest penetrating power, and it is the most massive of all the compounds.

On radioactive decay, an atom gives a particle consisting of two neutrons and two protons, changing the originating atom to an element with an atomic number 2 less and atomic weight 4 less than it started with.

The characteristics of \(\beta\) rays are as follows:

It is a high-speed electron, and it is symbolized by \(0 /-1 e\).

Due to the smaller size of the beta particles, their speed is very high.

The characteristics of \(\gamma\) rays among the mentioned characteristics are as follows:

It possesses neither mass nor charge, and it has strong penetrating power.

The characteristics of \(\alpha, \beta\) and \(\gamma\) rays are as follows:

$$ \begin{array}{|l|l|l|} \hline \alpha \text { -rays } & \beta-\text { rays } & \gamma \text { -rays } \\ \hline \begin{array}{l} \text { It is symbolized } \\ \text { by 4/2 He. } \end{array} & \begin{array}{l} \beta \text { is a big speed } \\ \text { electron } \end{array} & \begin{array}{l} \text { It possesses neither } \\ \text { mass nor change } \end{array} \\ \begin{array}{l} \text { Its has the weakest } \\ \text { penertating power } \end{array} & \begin{array}{l} \text { Its is Symbolized } \\ \text { by 0/-1e } \end{array} & \begin{array}{l} \text { It has a Strong } \\ \text { penetrating power } \end{array} \\ \begin{array}{l} \text { Its is the most } \\ \text { massive of all } \\ \text { the components } \end{array} & & \\ \hline \end{array} $$

Gamma particles are high-energy wave which emits from the nucleus of an atom. Due to its high energy and lightweight, it has strong penetrating power.

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