In: Psychology

Should Parents Pay Their Children When They Earn High Grades in School?

We all probably recall knowing someone in school who got $5 for every “A” they earned in school. Research has found that encouragement of autonomous functioning, individual challenge, and positive feedback stimulates an intrinsic motivation to achieve (Deci & Ryan, 1985). If the environment is highly controlling, however, the internal forces for mastery-achievement may be undermined. Parents who use surveillance and frequent rewards socialize their children to be motivated by, and desire, extrinsic rewards. Two specific parenting behaviors were related to extrinsic motivation and lower school performance. They found that over controlling parents (those who engaged in extreme supervision of homework completion) had children who were more likely to rely on external sources for evaluation. Their grades and achievement scores were lower as well. Parents who relied on external rewards also had children with extrinsic motivation and lower school performance. Ginsburg and Bronstein speculate that extrinsically rewarded children use external criteria to assess their performance, which alters the children’s perception of themselves. This may undermine their ability to self-regulate and choose appropriate work. These children do not learn how to judge their own performance. Encouragement of intrinsic motivation, which is bidirectional and reciprocal, will foster independent self-evaluation and academic success. The goal is for the child to develop the ability to self-regulate and take responsibility for academic success; thus, the parents are not solely responsible for their child’s outcome. So, does paying our children for good grades motivate them to do well in school? Do you see how these children are not able to learn how to judge their own performance? Elaborate. What are some ways that parents can foster the development of intrinsic motivation?

Motivation can be described as the reason behind a behaviour that leads to certain actions produced. Motivation are of two types; internal motivation and external motivation. Some people are internally motivated, while others need an external reason to perform a particular task. Motivation plays a very important role in education. If only an individual is motivated to excel in his academics, will he perform exceptionally well in his exams. If an individual is not motivated enough to do well in his tests, he will get complacent and is most likely to score low.

A person needs to be motivated internally or may need an external motivation to perform better. External motivation includes rewards from parents and teachers. However, once these reinforcements are inhibited, a child no longer performs well. This, it is important for students to be internally motivated.

Some ways that parents can foster the development of intrinsic motivation in students include:

**1.** Set goals for oneself: Instead of the
teacher, instructor or parents setting goals for them, they should
be motivated from within to fair well in an examination. They
should set a goal for reading a certain number of pages in a day
before they close their books. If they set a goal for themselves,
they are more likely to achieve it and most importantly be
satisfied. Satisfaction of achieving their goal will make them
often indulge in behaviour which leads to personal
satisfaction.

**2.** Rewarding oneself: A student could help
himself be more motivated if he chooses to reward himself after
attaining a goal, like finishing his homework for the day instead
of procrastinating for later in the week. He could treat himself
with chocolates after completion of his work or take extra play
time.

**3.** Self-efficacy: it can be defined as one's
ability to achieve a goal. The confidence within oneself to
accomplish a certain goal. Only when you believe in yourself that
you can do it, is when you can actually do it. A student should
often try attaining goals that they have set for himself, as
achieving goals is positivitely associated with developing high
self-efficacy which will keep them motivated to study well for
their tests.

In 1994, 52% of parents with children in high school felt it was
a serious problem that high school students were not being taught
enough math and science. A recent survey found that 368 of 800
parents with children in high school felt it was a serious problem
that high school student were not being taught enough math and
science. Do parents feel differently today than they did in
1994?
a. What does making a Type II error for this...

A researcher wanted to see if motivation scale, grades
in high school, and parents’ education predict students’ math
achievement. The researcher conducted an analysis and got the
following
ANOVAb
model
Sum of
squares
df
Mean square
f
sig
Regression
Residual
Total
1509.723
1777.353
3287.076
4
68
72
377.431
26.138
14.44.
.000a
Predictors:(constant),gender,gradesinh.s.,motivationscale,parent’seducation
Dependentvariable:mathachievementtest
coefficientsa
model
Unstandized
coefficienis
Standardized
coefficienis
t
sig
collia
B
Std. error
Beta
Tolera
(constant)
Motivation scalegrades h.s. parent’s education
gender
-5.444
2.148
1.991
.580
-3.631...

Twenty years ago, 46% of parents of children in high school
felt it was a serious problem that high school students were not
being taught enough math and science. A recent survey found that
190 of 750 parents of children in high school felt it was a serious
problem that high school students were not being taught enough math
and science. Do parents feel differently today than they did twenty
years ago? Use the alpha equals 0.05 level of
significance.Because...

Twenty years ago, 56% of parents of children in high school
felt it was a serious problem that high school students were not
being taught enough math and science. A recent survey found that
295 of 750 parents of children in high school felt it was a serious
problem that high school students were not being taught enough math
and science. Do parents feel differently today than they did twenty
years ago? Use the α=0.01 level of significance.
Find the...

Twenty years ago, 56% of parents of children in high school
felt it was a serious problem that high school students were not
being taught enough math and science. A recent survey found that
295 of 750 parents of children in high school felt it was a serious
problem that high school students were not being taught enough math
and science. Do parents feel differently today than they did twenty
years ago? Use the α=0.01 level of significance.
What are...

[20pts] In 2005, 45% of parents with children in high school
felt it was serious problem that high school students were not
being taught enough math and science. A recent survey found that 52
out of 120 parents with children in high school felt it was a
serious problem that high school students were not being taught
enough math and science. Do parents feel differently today than
they did in 2005? Conduct a hypothesis test at 5% significance
level.
a.What...

Twenty years ago, 52% of parents of children in high school
felt it was a serious problem that high school students were not
being taught enough math and science. A recent survey found that
209 of 700 parents of children in high school felt it was a serious
problem that high school students were not being taught enough math
and science. Do parents feel differently today than they did twenty
years ago? Use the alpha equals 0.1 level of significance....

"Should Parents be Able to Refuse Vaccines for Their
Children?"
1)Why can’t the parents refuse vaccine for their
child?
2) What are the bases for giving your child a
vaccine?
3) What benefits does a vaccine have for your
child?

Consider a high school student who is given $3 every school day
by her parents as “lunch money”. The student works a part time job
after school, earning a small amount of “spending cash”. In
addition to her lunch money, the student spends $5 from her own
earnings each week on lunch. Suppose her parents reduced her lunch
money by $2 per day but that she simultaneously receives a $10 per
week raise at her job, requiring no extra effort...

Several years ago, 41% of parents who had children in grades
K-12 were satisfied with the quality of education the students
receive. A recent poll asked 1 comma 205 parents who have children
in grades K-12 if they were satisfied with the quality of
education the students receive. Of the 1 comma 205 surveyed, 486
indicated that they were satisfied. Construct a 95% confidence
interval to assess whether this represents evidence that parents'
attitudes toward the quality of education have...

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